Nature Reserves and Archeological Sites in the Desert | The Hashemite Fund for Development of jordan Badia

Nature Reserves and Archeological Sites in the Desert

Printer-friendly versionSend to friend

Nature Reserves and Archeological Sites in the Desert

Archeological sites represent the most important touristic elements in the Badia. Many of these sites are undergoing development and utilization efforts. Some examples of these sites are provided in the below table. The exact locations of these sites are available at http://www.locateme.jo/motagis_en/framesetup.asp


Northern Badia


Site Name


Type of site


Sama Assarhan


Historical Site and tower


Om Al-Sarab


Historical City


Ba’aej


Desert palaces


Um Eljimal


Historical City


Sabha


Historical City


Um El-Quttain


Historical City


Dair al-Kahf


Historical City


Jawa


Historical City


Burqu’


Desert palaces


Middle Badia


Safawi


Desert palaces


Al-Hallabat


Desert palaces


Ein Elseel


Desert palaces


Asikhm


Desert palaces


Mshash


Desert palaces


Al-Azraq


Desert palaces


Amrah


Desert palaces


Owaineed


Desert palaces


Harraneh


Desert palaces


Al-Hammam


Desert palaces


Tuba


Desert palaces


Southern Badia


Qatraneh


Desert palaces


Mchich


Desert palaces


Al-Bint


Desert palaces

Regarding nature reserves, the most important natural reserves in the Badia are:

   1.    Al-Azraq

            This reserve is an area of 12 km2 and is considered the only aquatic reserve in Jordan. In Arabic, Al-Azraq means the blue, which conveys the sense of this area, formerly a permanent oasis that was critical to local communities, wild animals and migrating birds and peoples. Over-pumping of groundwater resulted in the degradation of this oasis and  it severely hurt local wildlife. National efforts focus on rehabilitating this important oasis and restoring its natural vegetation and wildlife. This reserve is the product of these efforts, which have increased the total protected area in this oasis.

   2.    Wadi Rum reserve

            This reserve has one of earths most unique landscapes, with sweeping desert sand and magnificently colored granite pillars and mountains. Currently, the total area of the reserve is 560 km2 with many touristic facilities that allow tourists to experience aspects of Bedouin life, such as riding camels and sleeping in tents. Travel through the reserve is facilitated by 4-wheel drive vehicles that are operated by local communities.

   3.    Al-Shomari

            This was the first wildlife reserve in Jordan, located in the southern area of Al-Azraq with a total area of 22km2. The reserve was established to protect the Arabic oryx, a key endangered species of the area. The reserve serves as a natural habitat for the oryx, as well as the ostrich, Persian zebra, and other animals and birds.

The successes achieved in establishing and maintaining the Al-Azraq and Wadi Rum reserves have provided valuable models that can be transferred to and implemented in other locations of the Badia.